This chapter is devoted to mobility in France and Germany. First, key mobility indicators for the two countries are presented. This shows that private motorised transport still dominates in both France and Germany. Despite many negative effects on the climate, but also on health and quality of life, no far-reaching measures have been adopted.
Im August 2021 wurde ein Teil der Barbarossastraße in Berlin Schöneberg komplett autofrei. Konkret bedeutet das, dass es in diesem Zeitraum keinen motorisierten Verkehr im Bereich zwischen der Goltzstraße und der Kyffhäuser Straße gab und die Straße somit zum Zufußgehen, Radfahren, Spielen und zum Aufenthalt genutzt werden konnte. Das DLR Institut für Verkehrsforschung hat die Sommerstraße Barbarossa wissenschaftlich begleitet und vor sowie nach dem Projekt in Kooperation mit dem Projekt Kiezerfahren eine Haushaltsbefragung durchgeführt. Insgesamt wurden 1700 Haushalte in den angrenzenden Wohnblöcken gebeten, schriftlich oder online an den Befragungen teilzunehmen. Insgesamt haben 193 Personen an der Befragung teilgenommen (eine Rücklaufquote von 11 %).
The government wants to relieve the burden on citizens with a 9-euro monthly ticket for buses and trains. However, free public transport would be easier to implement and more affordable.
A commentary from the perspective of sustainability research on the dispute over the expansion of Berlin's A100 motorway by Sophia Becker in the "Studio 9 Interview" on Deutschlandfunk Kultur.
Should public transport be free of charge? Experience shows: Just because the bus costs nothing, far from all people stop using their cars.
Drivers have been annoyed by high fuel prices for weeks. The German government wants to take countermeasures. But it also wants to make "good old" public transport more attractive through price incentives. Is that enough to keep Germany mobile?
"The already rising fuel prices in Germany have quickly climbed to unimagined heights since the war in Ukraine began. Many complain about the effects, others see opportunities for the traffic transition. (...)"
The attack on Ukraine makes rapid energy savings necessary. In their position paper, Sophia Becker and Ortwin Renn from the IASS focus on energy consumption. With the right incentives, consumption can be reduced without creating problematic social burdens.
The 10% share of motorised private transport (MIV) calculated in the 2050 scenario (incl. car sharing, taxis, etc.) must have 100% alternative drive systems. This vision is supported at the municipal level in particular with subsidies for charging infrastructure for electric automobility. This long-term scenario illustrates that electric mobility, along with other alternative drive technologies, is seen as a key to achieving a decarbonised and sustainable transport system. Against this background, this article examines how the efforts to attain a 10% rate of motorised private transport in Berlin are currently distributed spatially.
How can urban spaces be designed to strengthen active mobility and the amenity quality of places? Julia Jarass talks about her experiences and insights for the Weltverbesserer-Podcast.